1 The retractions came only months after BioMed Central.

But that move may not be enough, as the publisher Hindawi uncovered this past spring. Although Hindawi doesn’t let authors suggest reviewers for their manuscripts, it made a decision to examine the peer-review records for manuscripts submitted in 2013 and 2014 for possible fraud. The peer-review procedure used in Hindawi’s journals depends generally on the expertise of its editorial board members and the guest editors of special issues, who are responsible for supervising the overview of submitted manuscripts.5 Since the peer reviewers selected by the guest editors were not subject to any kind of independent verification, editors themselves could undermine the procedure in quite similar way that authors or third-party agencies did elsewhere: by creating fake reviewer identities and addresses from which they submitted reviews that are positive endorsing publication.‘Sleeping much longer doesn't indicate you're sleeping well. It is necessary to understand that both the quality and quantity of sleep impact your wellbeing,’ said Badr. ‘A healthy, balanced lifestyle isn’t limited to diet and fitness; when and how you sleep is really as important as everything you eat or how you workout just. ‘ The analysis involved more than 54,000 participants age 45 or older in 14 states.