Air pollution connect to early childhood pneumonia By Kirsty Oswald, medwireNews Reporter European research shows that exposure to elevated levels of surroundings pollutants is associated with an increased risk for pneumonia before the age of 3 years, and particularly in the first year of life. However, the researchers didn’t find strong proof a link between pollution and various other respiratory infections, including otitis croup and mass media. Joachim Heinrisch and colleagues analyzed data from 10 birth cohorts, as part of the European Research of Cohorts of Air Pollution Effects task. Their data included 16,059 children and the cumulative incidence of pneumonia prior to the age of three years was 1.9 percent, of otitis media was 21.0 percent, and of croup was 10.9 percent.5-10).An interview with Dr Matt SilverBioSpa 8 automated incubator announced by BioTekResearchers made the discovery by studying the behaviour of a gene called torso-like during the first stages of embryonic development of the Drosophila fly. Two groups of cells activated the same torso-like gene separately and by different mechanisms if they had been still in separate compartments in the Drosophila ovary. Subsequently, the cells migrated until they met and jointly signalled the target cell. Marc Furriols, lead writer of the study, explains that the torso-like gene activates a membrane receptor molecule that is specific to Drosophila, but that the molecule belongs to a receptor family members , which also reacts when it receives an external signal. It gives us great insight into how these mechanisms work so that we are able to later manipulate and control them.